Zambia’s rural population ranks among the most deprived in terms of poverty in Africa. It is particularly affected by a high mortality rate due to HIV, the biggest health development challenge in the region. As a result, 45 percent of Zambia’s population is under the age of 15 which is one of the lowest globally and there are about one million AIDS orphans.
AIDS als größtes Problem
The scale of the epidemic also has catastrophic effects on education. More and more children have to drop out of school to care for their sick parents, siblings, and livelihoods. Every year, two-thirds of the trained children die.
This disaster is more dramatic in rural areas. Based on some research urban residents significantly attend more in schooling than rural residents. The inequality in education comes from the lack of resources and facilities such as trained teachers, sufficient textbooks, and classrooms. Also, the low school enrollment rate in Zambia is attributed to the lack of primary and secondary schools and the poor standard of education, especially in primary schools.
Schulweg als Martyrium
The students walk an average of seven kilometers to school every morning. Not having not eaten anything, they are malnourished, and suffering from intestinal parasites. They get sweaty on the way, tired, and have no concentration. They are sitting with 50 other children in the same poor condition in a classroom. The teacher is insufficiently trained, poorly motivated, and underpaid, also the children’s learning is accordingly minimal. The teacher speaks in non-fluent English and with a skewed accent. The classroom conditions is terrible and dark, acoustics and ventilation are poor, the blackboard reflects and there is no chalk. The pupils do not receive enough knowledge from the strange world of school. The subject matters are irrelevant and useless for their future, and social environment or society that awaits them as adults on the labor market.
Entwicklungsschule als Ziel
Inshindo endeavors to contribute to breaking of this vicious circle of early school leavers and the low enrollment rate in secondary education. The program was launched to develop the capabilities of children and young people in their village communities with the help of local tutors. The aim is to build a development school based on the successful model of the FUNDAEC development school.
Bildung an Bedürfnissen orientieren
The maximum consideration of the program is on local educational needs. The first course which consists of the 18 planned workbooks on various topics has already been published and the main part of the curriculum is “social learning”. Based on experience, skills follow elements of knowledge, abilities, attitudes, understanding concepts, and applying universal principles to daily problems.
After the completion of the curriculum development successfully, the educational program is to be implemented in other regions of Africa.